Georgian culture is an exotic, mystical, ancient culture that has extended back millennia. Elements of European, Persian, Arab, Ottoman and Far Eastern cultures have affected Georgia's own ethnic identity, which has contributed to one of the world's most unique and hospitable cultures. Traditionally, guests are considered by the Georgian people to be a gift from God and their accommodating friendliness is instantly evident upon arrival by a traveller.
The strategic geographic position of Georgia between Europe and Asia is one of the key reasons for its varied and distinct cultural features. Its vector on the historic Silk Road allowed significant trade to link the north, south, east, and west. This commercial junction along with Georgia's resource bounty combined to form a definitive merging of cultures.
Georgia's monumental architecture, world-famous polyphonic singing and folk songs, rich spiritual and secular literature, charming folk dances and ballets, theatre and cinema, metal works, and paintings all bear characteristic qualities of this ancient civilization.
The era between the eleventh and twelfth centuries was the Georgian Renaissance when monks put forth new humanistic ideas in academies, churches, and monasteries. Philosophy, historiography, theology, law, poetry and art were all thriving in Georgia throughout the Middle Ages.
Georgia has a rich history of fine metalworking. Bronze, gold, and silver artefacts of high technology and artistic value have been recovered from 1st and 2nd millennia BCE tombs. Georgian goldsmiths created masterpieces of cloisonne enamel and repoussé works between the 10th and 13th centuries CE, especially icons, crosses, and jewellery.
The flourishing of secular culture happened in the 19th century when Georgian authors and artists, inspired by European trends, filled the national art treasury. The traditions of musical and dancing folklore are two of the most important entries in the treasury of Georgian spiritual history.
Georgian society today is richer than ever before. Georgia is an open and affordable option for any visitor who is searching for a fully original destination with diverse cultural influences.