Georgian Music and Dances
There are only a few countries in the world with such a highly developed choral culture as Georgia. The Georgian people's originality is perfectly expressed in harmonious music. The roots of church polyphonic chanting go back to the 5th century A.D. Originally it only existed at the folk level, but with the advent of Christianity, it was transformed into liturgical music.
Many disputes surround the origin of Georgian folklore. Some people think that Georgian folk music is over 1,500 years old. The strongest supporters claim that Georgian dancing and singing can be first dated as far back as B.C. According to the Greek historian Xenophon (3rd century B.C.), secular, military and dancing melodies were used among the Georgian tribes.
Georgian dances are comprised of solo, twosome, and group. Women move in short steps with grace. Men demonstrate an eagerness to fight which is reflected in fast runs, high jumps, and brave pirouettes. The backs of both men and women always stay straight and unmoving.
Georgian singing and dancing are rich in styles. Across several centuries, the national performing style has been in constant development, from generation to generation.
Nowadays, Georgia is proud of its world-renowned music and dance concert halls, such as the Georgian Opera and Ballet Theatre (founded in 1851), and Musical Comedy Theater. Additionally, Tbilisi Conservatory has trained and produced great classical music performers over the years.
The State Symphony Orchestra and numerous folk song and dance ensembles like “Sukhishvilebi”, "Erisioni" and "Rustavi" are popular throughout the world.